De l'impression 3d en céramique
Mesurer la déformation du sel, pour l'aménagement de réservoirs en cavités salines
Electromagnetic forming process for metallic pieces
Amélioration de la performance des éoliennes
Vers un stockage géologique du C02 avec impuretés
Arina MARCHENKO will defend her thesis which called
"Multiscale investigation of room-temperature viscoplasticity and sustained load cracking of Titanium. Influence of hydrogen and oxygen content."
on november 23, at 2:00 pm, at école des mines de Paris, 60 Bld Saint-Michel, Paris 6ème, room V107
Widely used for aircraft or rocket engine manufacturing titanium and its alloys are prone to the room-temperature creep that leads to the phenomenon of sustained load subcritical crack growth. One of the major cause of such unusual viscoplastic behavior of titanium is the phenomena of static and dynamic strain aging which represents an interaction between dislocations and interstitial atoms of oxygen and hydrogen. The aim of the present experimental and numerical multiscale study is to investigate the influence of the interstitial hydrogen and oxygen on the viscoplastic behavior and the resistance to sustained load cracking in commercially pure titanium of phase alpha. In a first step, a scenario of static and dynamic strain aging was proposed. The presence of the stress peak was attributed to the segregation of interstitial atoms of oxygen on the edge dislocations. In case of dynamic strain aging, the observed instabilities, typical for the Portevin-Le Chatelier effect, were associated with the non-planar core of screw -type dislocations. The crystal plasticity was introduced into the phenomenological model in order to capture the strain aging phenomena and the anisotropy of the mechanical properties. The modeling approach for strain aging suggested by Kubin-Estrin-McCormick is based on the internal variable called the aging time which corresponds to the waiting time of a dislocation in a pinned state. Finite element simulations were then performed on the polycrystalline aggregates for different number of grains.
At the next step, fracture toughness and sustained load cracking tests were performed on the material with different levels of hydrogen. Finally, numerical simulations of toughness and sustained load cracking tests using the identified viscoplastic model were carried out for all experimental conditions. A cohesive zone model was then introduced ahead of the crack tip to simulate crack propagation.