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September 15, 2016

Thesis defense of Alexandre HERMANT

of Centre des Matériaux

Thesis defense of Alexandre HERMANT

A. HERMANT will defend his thesis called

"Microstructure evolutions of a niobium stabilized austenitic stainless steel (316Nb) during representative thermomechanical treatments of forging process"

on september, the 15th at 10.30am

at MINES ParisTech 60, boulevard Saint-Michel 75272 Paris cedex 06


Contact : alexandre.hermant@mines-paristech.fr

Abstract : Mechanical properties and microstructure of 316Nb austenitic stainless steel may show some variability in hot forging products. This work aimed at improving knowledge about hot deformation mechanisms and microstructural evolution of this steel. Obtaining a homogeneous microstructure requires deep understanding of the hot deformation behaviour and mechanisms. In thick-walled components, both work hardening, dynamic recovery and recrystallization govern hot workability. Static and post-dynamic phenomena can induce further metallurgical evolution during interpass time and cooling. The influence of deformation temperature, strain, strain rate, cooling rate on recrystallization mechanisms has been studied by using hot torsion tests. Multiple-pass tests with isothermal and non-isothermal interpass allowed understanding post-dynamic mechanisms. Static phenomena were investigated using various annealing conditions. The effects of initial microstructural features such as grain size and chemical composition, specifically niobium solute content, on the hot deformation behaviour were eventually considered. The extent of dynamic recovery, coarse initial grain size, solute drag, and pinning of grain boundaries by fine Nb(C,N) particles strongly hinder dynamic recrystallization which does not dominate the metallurgical evolution over the range studied, in contrast to results reported on 316 steel. However, bulging of grain boundaries as a prelude to dynamic recrystallization was observed at low strains and high temperature. Grain boundary serrations progressively lead to the formation of subgrain boundaries, then of new high angle boundaries. A particular dynamic recrystallization mechanism explains progressive elimination of annealing twins. Interaction with dislocations depends on locally activated slip systems and whether they are common to both twin and parent grain. At moderate strain levels, post-dynamic recrystallization occurs by rapid growth of nuclei that depends on deformation temperature, and applied strain and strain rate. For a given chemical composition, neither dynamic nor post-dynamic recrystallization is affected by the initial grain size over the range studied. Increasing the free niobium content promotes solute drag and niobium carbide precipitation, which significantly delay recrystallization. The microstructure after annealing essentially depends on the availability of solute atoms such as niobium and on residual ?-ferrite. Nb(C,N) precipitates formed during hot deformation do not significantly influence recrystallization kinetics.

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